USAAF P-38 Lightning List

Airworthy Locheed P 38J Lightning warbird NX2114L 44 27083 as 12AF 14FG48FS ES C Tangerine 01 Airworthy Locheed P 38J Lightning warbird NX2114L 44 27083 as 12AF 14FG48FS ES C Tangerine 02 Airworthy Locheed P 38J Lightning warbird NX2114L 44 27083 as 12AF 14FG48FS ES C Tangerine 03 IL2 IM P 38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES C Ethell Algeria 1942 IL2 IM P 38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES C Ethell Algeria 1942 NC IL2 IM P 38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES C Ethell Algeria 1942 NM
IL2 IM P 38J12AF 14FG48FS ES C Ethell Algeria 1942 V0A

Lockheed P-38J Lightning 12th Airforce 14th Fighter Group 48th Fighter Squadron named Tangerine USAAF serial number 41-7654 and flown by LT. Ervin C. Ethell based in North Africa 1943

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IM P-38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES-C Ervin C. Ethell Algeria 1942
IM P-38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES-C Ervin C. Ethell Algeria 1942 NC
IM P-38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES-C Ervin C. Ethell Algeria 1942 NM
IM P-38J 12AF 14FG48FS ES-C Ervin C. Ethell Algeria 1942 V0A

P-38J Warbird NX2114L 44-27083 as 12AF 14FG48FS ES-C Tangerine 01-03
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Some of the known P-38's Ervin C. Ethell few during WWII

42-67934 is a Museum aircraft serial the original aircraft flown by Ervin C. Ethell was 41-7654 this Fighter Group also served under 8AF-12AF-15AF. 41-7654 Lockheed P-38F-1-LO Lightning 14FG48FS Code:ES-C Name:"Tangerine" Youks-le-Bains, Algeria, November 1942 Pilot:Lt Ervin C Ethell. The 14FG48FS was allocated one of the first blocks of P-38Fs built by Lockheed during the summer of 1942, Lt Ethell flying this example from England to North Africa with the 48FS in time to play an active part in Operation Torch, which commenced at the beginning of November 1942. It did not take the 14FG long to score its first kills either in the air or on the ground, with several pilots managing to run up combined air and ground tallies before the end of the month. Ethell almost became the first P-38 ace in a single mission when he downed four Ju-52/3ms and a probable Bf 109 on 28 November whilst flying this fighter. He also came close to achieving a record number of ground victories in the P-38, being unofficially credited with ten Axis aircraft destroyed. Unfortunately for Ethell, the 12AF only recognised aerial victories, thus leaving him twice deprived of unique records in the P-38. TANGERINE was later shot down in action whilst being flown by another 48FS pilot.

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14th Fighter Group

Constituted as 14th Pursuit Group (Fighter) on 20 Nov 1940. Activated on 15 Jan 1941. Trained with P-40's and P-43's. Converted to P-38's, which were used in flying patrols on the west coast of the US after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Redesignated 14th Fighter Group in May 1942. Moved to England, Jul-Aug 1942. Began operations with Eighth AF in Oct 1942, escorting bombers to targets in France. Arrived in North Africa shortly after the campaign for Algeria and French Morocco (8-11 Nov 1942) had ended, and remained in the Mediterranean theater until the end of the war, being assigned first to Twelfth AF and later (Nov 1943) to Fifteenth. Flew escort, strafing, and reconnaissance missions from the middle of Nov 1942 to late in Jan 1943 and then withdrew from combat, some of the men and planes being reassigned. Resumed operations in May. Flew dive-bombing missions during the Allied assault on Pantelleria. Helped prepare for and support the invasions of Sicily and Italy. Engaged primarily in escort work after Nov 1943, flying many missions to cover bombers engaged in long-range operations against strategic objectives in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Rumania, and Bulgaria. Received a DUC for a mission on 2 Apr 1944 when the group, by beating off attacks by enemy fighters, enabled bombers to strike important ball-bearing works in Austria. Also provided escort for reconnaissance operations, supported the invasion of Southern France in Aug 1944, and on numerous occasions flew long-range missions to strafe and dive-bomb motor vehicles, trains, bridges, supply areas, airdromes, and troop concentrations in an area extending from France to the Balkans. Inactivated in Italy on 9 Sep 1945.

Activated in the US on 20 Nov 1946. Equipped first with P-47's and later with F-84's. Inactivated on 2 Oct 1949.

Redesignated 14th Fighter Group (Air Defense). Activated on 18 Aug 1955. Assigned to Air Defense Command and equipped with F-86 aircraft.

Squadrons. 37th: 1943-1945; 1946-1949; 1955-. 48th: 1941-1945; 1946-1949. 49th: 1941-1945; 1946-1949. 50th: 1941-1942.

Stations. Hamilton Field, Calif, 15 Jan 1941; March Field, Calif, c. 10 Jun 1941; Hamilton Field, Calif, 7 Feb-16 Jul 1942; Atcham, England, 18 Aug-Nov 1942; Tafaraoui, Algeria, 15 Nov 1942; Maison Blanche, Algeria, 18 Nov 1942; Youks-les-Bains, Algeria, 22 Nov 1942; Berteaux, Algeria, 9 Jan 1943; Mediouna, French Morocco, 5 Mar 1943; Telergma, Algeria, 5 May 1943; El Bathan, Tunisia, 3 Jun 1943; Ste-Marie-du-Zit, Tunisia, 25 Jul 1943; Triolo Airfield, Italy, 12 Dec 1943; Lesina, Italy, Sep-9 Sep 1945. Dow Field, Maine, 20 Nov 19462 Oct 1949. Ethan Allen AFB, Vt, 18 Aug 1955-.

Commanders. 1st Lt Troy Keith, 15 Jan 1941; Col Thayer S Olds, 18 Apr 1941; Lt Col Troy Keith, 28 Jan 1943; Col Oliver B Taylor, 26 Sep 1943; Col Daniel S Campbell, 18 Jul 1944; Col Thomas B Whitehouse, Mar 1945-unkn. Lt Col Lewis W Chick Jr, 24 Dec 1946; Col Loring F Stetson Jr, 7 Jan 1948; Col George A McHenry, Jul 1949; Lt Col Arvie E Olson Jr, Aug 1949-unkn. Col Harry L Downing, 1955-.

Campaigns. Air Combat, EAME Theater; Air Offensive, Europe; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Po Valley.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: Austria, 2 Apr 1944.

Insigne. Shield: Per bend argent and sable. Motto: To Fight To Death. (Approved 17 Jun 1942.)


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